Research

A clinical audit of provider-initiated HIV counselling and testing in a gynaecological ward of a district hospital in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

J Moodley, M Bryan, K Tunkyi, S M Khedun

Abstract


Background. Early initiation of antiretroviral therapy reduces transmission of HIV and prolongs life. Expansion of HIV testing is therefore pivotal in overcoming the HIV pandemic. Provider-initiated counselling and testing (PICT) at first clinical contact is one way of increasing the number of individuals tested. Our impression is that not all patients admitted to a general gynaecological ward are offered PICT.

Objective. To assess whether patients admitted to a gynaecological ward in a district-level hospital in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, are being offered PICT.

Methods. We conducted a retrospective chart review over an 8-month period. Patients who had a hospital stay of ≤3 days were enrolled. The case records were reviewed and relevant data, including demographic information and whether the patients were offered HIV testing, were recorded.

Results. Of 1 014 patients, 451 reported that they had been tested previously; 98 (21.7%) of these were HIV-infected. There were therefore 916 patients (563 not tested previously and 353 who reported that they had tested negatively previously) who should have been offered PICT. Of these, 157 (17.1%) were offered it; 116 (73.9%) accepted and 41 declined. Forty-five (38.8%) tested positive.

Conclusion. A large number of patients who stayed for ≤3 days in a gynaecology ward of a district-level hospital were not offered PICT. However, the high rate of HIV infection in those who accepted the offer of testing strengthens the case for PICT.


Authors' affiliations

J Moodley, Women’s Health and HIV Research Group, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa

M Bryan, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Addington Hospital, Durban, South Africa

K Tunkyi, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Addington Hospital, Durban, South Africa

S M Khedun, Women’s Health and HIV Research Group, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa

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Keywords

HIV counselling and testing; General hospital wards

Cite this article

South African Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 2014;20(1):8-11. DOI:10.7196/sajog.603

Article History

Date submitted: 2012-09-19
Date published: 2014-04-03

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