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Postnatal depressive features in mothers of neonates admitted to a neonatal unit at Steve Biko Academic Hospital: The role of sociodemographic and psychosocial factors

B Mnisi, J Makin, B G Lindeque, S Adam

Abstract


Background. Postnatal depression (PND) is one of the most common complications following delivery. The development of PND is closely linked with biological, psychological, socioeconomic and cultural factors.

Objectives. To determine the prevalence and identify risk factors for PND in mothers delivering at Steve Biko Academic Hospital (SBAH) whose babies were admitted to the neonatal unit.

Methods. We conducted a prospective observational study at SBAH, Pretoria, South Africa (SA). Women who delivered between 26 and 42 weeks' gestation at SBAH and whose babies were admitted to the neonatal unit were recruited at delivery. Interview screening using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) was conducted regarding the mother’s experience of her pregnancy and delivery. Sociodemographic and psychosocial data from the mothers were included in a multiple logistic regression model to estimate association with PND symptoms.

Results. Between 11 March and 30 December 2017, 2 671 mothers delivered at SBAH. Of these, 196 (7.3%) babies were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and 10 (0.3%) were admitted to the neonatal high care unit (NHC). Mothers’ accommodation during their babies’ admission to the neonatal unit (p=0.002), having poor interpersonal relationships (p<0.0001), and intimate partner violence (IPV) (p=0.004) were significantly associated with screening positive for PND.

Conclusion. Accommodation during neonatal care, availability of counselling, inclusion of the partner in postnatal care and IPV are significant factors in the depressive symptoms experienced by mothers postpartum in this setting


Authors' affiliations

B Mnisi, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pretoria, South Africa,

J Makin, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pretoria, South Africa; Medical Research Unit for Maternal and Infant Health Care Strategies, University of Pretoria, South Africa

B G Lindeque, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pretoria, South Africa,

S Adam, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pretoria, South Africa,

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Keywords

Postpartum depression; Risk factors; Interpersonal relationships; Intimate partner violence

Cite this article

South African Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 2019;25(3):89-94. DOI:10.7196/sajog.1467

Article History

Date submitted: 2019-06-13
Date published: 2020-04-24

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