Research

Awareness, Attitude and Practice for Cervical Cancer and its Prevention in Women attending a tertiary care hospital of North Delhi (India): Still Too far to walk

Ritu Khatuja, Prachi Renjhen, Sonal Prasad, Mini Kadiyan, Loukya Attuluri

Abstract


ABSTRACT:

Background: Carcinoma cervix is the second most common cancer of women in reproductive age group. Early diagnosis is quite beneficial as it has a long precancerous state. Awareness and practice about its natural course, prevention , early screening and timely intervention can help in reducing mortality and morbidity due to this deadly disease

OBJECTIVE: To find the awareness, attitude and practices related cervical cancer and its screening among adult women residing in North Delhi, India.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: A questionnaire based cross sectional observational study was conducted on women visiting in a tertiary care teaching hospital, over a period of three months. Four hundred and one women were included in the study. The women visiting hospital were approached to participate in the study and their consent sought. Data was collected through questionnaires seeking information regarding basic sociodemographic  profile, awareness about cervical cancer, its prevention, Pap test and HPV vaccine, source of knowledge, willingness to undergo screening and barriers in the practice. The data was analysed using SPSS version 15. Student's independent ‘t’test was used to compare data. P ’< 0.05 was considered to be significant.

 RESULT: Out of the total 401,45% of women were of 18-25 years of age with 33.9% being illiterate and other 39.4% with education below class tenth. 99.3% were married and  85.3%unemployed. Awareness of cervical cancer was only 31.9%(128 out of 401) and out of these only 26 women (20.3%) had a knowledge that it is a preventable disease. Only 8.5% of the women had heard about Paps Smear and awareness about HPV vaccine was 1.6%. Major source of knowledge was health professionals. Practice of Pap screening was only 2.2%.

CONCLUSION: The awareness towards cervical cancer and its prevention, which is the cornerstone for the attitude and practice, is too low in India. National level initiation of information, education and communication is required to reach at grass root level.


Authors' affiliations

Ritu Khatuja, Dr BABA SAHEB AMBEDKAR MEDICAL COLLEGE AND HOSPITAL NEW DELHI INDIA

Prachi Renjhen, Dr BABA SAHEB AMBEDKAR MEDICAL COLLEGE AND HOSPITAL NEW DELHI 110085 INDIA

Sonal Prasad, Dr BABA SAHEB AMBEDKAR MEDICAL COLLEGE AND HOSPITAL NEW DELHI 110085 INDIA

Mini Kadiyan, Dr BABA SAHEB AMBEDKAR MEDICAL COLLEGE AND HOSPITAL NEW DELHI 110085 INDIA

Loukya Attuluri, Dr BABA SAHEB AMBEDKAR MEDICAL COLLEGE AND HOSPITAL NEW DELHI 110085 INDIA

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Keywords

Awareness and Attitude, Carcinoma Cervix, Pap Smear, Preventive Oncology, Screening

Cite this article

South African Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 2019;25(2):. DOI:10.7196/sajog.1415

Article History

Date submitted: 2018-11-11
Date published: 2019-11-06

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